24 August 2020
What are SKUs?
Stock Keeping Units or SKUS are the internal record number of the products for companies. Unlike barcodes (EANS or European Articles Numbers or UPC or Universal Product code), SKUS are your own product identification number and not centrally organised.
What are the limitations of SKUs?
The main weakness of SKUs are that that they are not necessarily unique. As your company chooses the SKU then there is nothing to stop over companies also picking the same SKU.
This is why if you wish to sell your products on market places such as Frrugo, or Amazon they specify that a EAN (European Article Number) or UPC (Universal Product Code) in addition to a SKU.
Because SKUs are not centrally organised there is also the possibility of your SKU not being unique. A consumer searching for your SKU might find some one else’s products not yours. So keep this in mind when designing the format of your SKUs.
Best practice of SKUs
What’s the difference between a UPC and a EAN?
UPCs (Universal Product codes) are used mostly in North America, and are a a 12 digit system. Although being the original barcode system outside of the US other countries wanted to be able to localise the barcodes so added an additional digit to the number. These are the EANs
EANs are the predominate system in the UK, Europe and the rest of the world. The most commonly used is EAN-13, based on a 13 digit number. The first three digits are used to denote the local GS1 agency who issued the EAN. IN the UK these are 500–509.
The various organisations which organise barcodes are working to ensure that in future all the different standards are compatible.
How to get EANs or UPCs
In the UK
EANS are issued by GS1 and in the UK this is the responsibility of GS1-UK https://www.gs1uk.org/
Outside the UK
European countries have their own local GS1 agencies and can be found by looking online.
UPC can be accessed through joining the US GS1 agency https://www.gs1us.org/